The Scottish folk hero, Rob Roy MacGregor (1671-1734), lived and died in the area around Loch Voil and is buried in Balquhidder churchyard. Loch Voil and the River Balvag, which flows from there through the village of Strathyre to Loch Lubnaig, are part of the Forth river system. The upper part of the Balvag, near Kingshouse, flows through such a low flat floodplain that after prolonged heavy rain it forms what is known locally as the Kingshouse Loch Occasional.
The water sports and angling centre of Lochearnhead at the west end of Loch Earn lies on the River Earn system which ultimately flows into the Tay. The area has a long history of settlement, recorded by a Neolithic burial chamber and Bronze Age lake dwelling (crannog). Edinample Castle was built in the late 1500s by the Campbells of Glenorchy and is still inhabited.
Rob Roy Country lies entirely within the Loch Lomond and Trossachs National Park.